In this comprehensive report, we delve into the transformative concept of Open Finance.

Open Finance is revolutionizing the financial services sector, fostering innovation, and enhancing customer experiences by enabling secure and seamless data sharing between financial institutions and third-party providers. As a leading corporate services firm, GBO is dedicated to providing industry professionals with cutting-edge research and insights.


This research, meticulously prepared by GBO’s team of experts, aims to equip professionals with a thorough understanding of Open Finance, its implications, benefits, and the potential challenges it brings. By analyzing current trends, emerging technologies, and regulatory frameworks, we provide a comprehensive overview of the Open Finance landscape and its impact on the financial services industry.

Stay ahead of the curve with GBO’s in-depth research on Open Finance, and discover the opportunities it presents for financial institutions, fintech companies, and professionals in the finance sector.


The European Commission’s open finance consultation

The open consultation on finance conducted by the European Commission is part of a larger effort to create a more integrated and competitive financial services market in the European Union. The purpose of the consultation is to collect input and feedback from stakeholders on how to best promote the development of open finance, which is the use of technology to make financial services more accessible, secure, and effective.

The open consultation on finance addresses a variety of issues pertaining to the use of data and technology in financial services, including:

  • How to ensure that consumers have complete control over their data and can easily share it with third-party service providers.
  • How to make financial services more accessible to underserved groups, such as small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) and consumers with limited financial resources.
  • Innovation: how to encourage innovation in the financial services sector, including the development of new consumer-focused products and services.
  • Competition: how to promote competition in the financial services market, including by eliminating entry barriers and encouraging the use of open standards.
  • How to ensure the security of financial services and the protection of consumers’ personal and financial information.
  • Overall, the objective of the consultation on open finance is to collect input and feedback from stakeholders on how to best promote the development of open finance in Europe. The Commission will use this feedback to develop policies and regulations that promote the adoption of new technologies and business models in the financial services sector and support the growth of the open finance ecosystem.

Compare open finance vs open banking

Open Finance and Open Banking are related concepts that have emerged as a result of advancements in technology, data sharing, and regulations in the financial sector. While they share similarities, there are key differences between the two.
Here’s a comparison of Open Finance and Open Banking:
  1. Scope: Open Banking: Open Banking API is a more focused concept that primarily deals with sharing banking and payment-related data between banks and third-party providers (TPPs). This usually includes account information, transaction history, and payment initiation services. Open Banking is often driven by regulatory frameworks like the European Union’s PSD2 (Revised Payment Services Directive) and the United Kingdom’s Open Banking Initiative. Open Finance: Open Finance is a broader concept that encompasses not only banking data but also other financial data from various sectors like investments, pensions, insurance, and more. It aims to create a more comprehensive financial ecosystem where consumers can easily access and share their financial data across a wide range of financial service providers. In essence, Open Finance extends the principles of Open Banking to the entire financial industry.
  1. Impact on Consumers: Open Banking: Open Banking primarily benefits consumers by providing them with better control over their banking data and enabling them to access new financial products and services. This includes account aggregation, budgeting tools, and seamless payment initiation through TPPs. Open Finance: Open Finance takes the benefits of Open Banking a step further by offering consumers a holistic view of their entire financial portfolio. It allows consumers to make more informed decisions about their finances by easily comparing and switching between different financial service providers. It also fosters innovation in financial services, creating more tailored and personalized offerings for consumers.
  1. Potential for Innovation: Open Banking: Open Banking has paved the way for fintech companies and TPPs to develop innovative products and services using banking data. However, its scope is limited to banking and payment-related services, which restricts the potential for innovation. Open Finance: Open Finance creates a larger playing field for innovation as it encompasses a wide range of financial services. By providing access to a more extensive set of financial data, Open Finance promotes the development of new solutions across various financial sectors, driving competition and improving the overall consumer experience.
  2. Open Banking is a stepping stone toward the broader concept of Open Finance. Open Banking focuses on banking and payment-related data, whereas Open Finance covers data from the entire financial industry. While Open Banking has laid the foundation for data sharing and innovation in banking services, Open Finance expands on this foundation to create a more comprehensive, transparent, and consumer-centric financial ecosystem.


The future of Open Finance

The future of Open Finance holds immense potential for innovation and growth, as it aims to revolutionize the financial industry by providing a more comprehensive, transparent, and consumer-centric ecosystem. While it is challenging to provide precise numbers of companies, clients, and transactions due to the constantly evolving nature of the sector, we can evaluate the future applications and trends in Open Finance to gain insight into its potential impact:
  1. Personal Financial Management (PFM) Platforms: Open Finance is expected to drive the development of advanced PFM platforms that integrate data from various financial institutions and services, providing consumers with a holistic view of their financial health. These platforms will allow users to track and manage their income, expenses, savings, investments, and insurance policies all in one place, making financial decision-making more informed and personalized.
  2. Robo-Advisors and Automated Investment Management: Open Finance will enable the growth of robo-advisors and automated investment management services that use AI and machine learning algorithms to analyze an individual’s financial data and offer personalized investment advice. This will allow more consumers to access affordable and tailored investment management services, democratizing the investment landscape.
  3. Enhanced Credit Scoring Models: With access to more comprehensive financial data, Open Finance will lead to the development of more accurate and inclusive credit scoring models. Lenders will be able to evaluate borrowers’ creditworthiness based on a broader set of financial data, resulting in better lending decisions and reduced credit risk.
  4. Cross-Industry Collaboration: Open Finance will facilitate collaboration between financial service providers and companies from other industries, such as telecom, e-commerce, and utility providers. This cross-industry data sharing will enable the development of innovative financial products and services that cater to specific consumer needs and preferences.
  5. Digital Identity Management: As Open Finance expands, the need for secure and efficient digital identity management solutions will grow. Blockchain-based technologies and digital identity solutions will play a crucial role in ensuring that consumers’ financial data is securely shared and managed across different financial service providers.
  6. Regulatory Sandboxes and Compliance: As more companies embrace Open Finance, regulatory authorities will need to establish appropriate frameworks and guidelines to govern data sharing, privacy, and security. The emergence of regulatory sandboxes will allow fintech companies and startups to test their innovative solutions in a controlled environment, ensuring compliance with regulations while promoting innovation.

While it is difficult to quantify the exact number of companies, clients, and transactions in the Open Finance sector, it is evident that the future of Open Finance will be marked by substantial growth and innovation across various financial services. The development of new applications, along with increased consumer adoption, will ultimately lead to a more inclusive and efficient financial ecosystem.


What does it mean open finance API?

An Open Finance API (Application Programming Interface) refers to a set of rules and protocols that enable financial institutions and third-party providers (TPPs) to securely access, exchange, and integrate financial data from various sources within their applications and services. APIs act as a bridge between different software systems, allowing them to communicate and share information with each other.

In the context of Open Finance, APIs play a crucial role in the secure and seamless sharing of financial data across banks, fintech companies, regtech, core banking and other financial service providers. This data may include account information, transaction history, and other financial details related to investments, pensions, insurance, and more.

Open Finance APIs offer several benefits:

  1. Interoperability: APIs enable different software systems and platforms to communicate and share data with each other, fostering interoperability across the financial ecosystem.
  2. Innovation: By allowing TPPs to access and utilize financial data, Open Finance APIs pave the way for the development of new and innovative financial products and services that cater to consumers’ unique needs and preferences.
  3. Consumer-centric approach: Open Finance APIs empower consumers by giving them more control over their financial data, enabling them to access a wide range of financial services and make more informed financial decisions.
  4. Data security and privacy: Open Finance APIs are designed with security and privacy in mind, ensuring that financial data is shared only between authorized parties and in compliance with relevant regulations and data protection laws.


An Open Finance API is a crucial component of the Open Finance ecosystem, as it allows for the secure and efficient sharing of financial data among financial institutions and third-party providers. This fosters innovation, interoperability, and a more consumer-centric approach to financial services.


Open Finance, with its ability to securely and seamlessly share financial data across institutions and third-party providers, has numerous use cases and applications across the financial sector. Here are a few examples:
  1. Personal Financial Management (PFM) Platforms: Open Finance enables the development of PFM platforms that aggregate data from various financial sources, such as bank accounts, credit cards, loans, investments, and insurance policies. This provides consumers with a comprehensive view of their financial health and helps them make better-informed decisions. Examples of PFM platforms include Mint, YNAB, and Personal Capital.
  2. Automated Investment Platforms and Robo-Advisors: By leveraging Open Finance data, robo-advisors and automated investment platforms can offer personalized investment advice based on a user’s financial profile. These platforms use algorithms to analyze the user’s financial data, risk tolerance, and investment goals to create tailored investment strategies. Examples of such platforms include Betterment, Wealthfront, and Nutmeg.
  3. Account Aggregation and Comparison Services: Open Finance allows the creation of services that aggregate and compare financial products from multiple providers. Users can compare different savings accounts, loans, credit cards, or investment opportunities, making it easier to find the best products for their needs. Examples of such services include NerdWallet, Bankrate, and MoneySuperMarket.
  4. Enhanced Credit Scoring and Risk Assessment: Lenders and credit scoring agencies can utilize Open Finance data to create more accurate and inclusive credit scoring models. This allows for better risk assessment and lending decisions, ultimately benefiting both lenders and borrowers. Companies such as Credit Karma and Experian have started integrating Open Finance data into their credit scoring models.
  5. Insurance Underwriting and Claims Management: Open Finance data can be used by insurance companies to streamline underwriting processes and offer more personalized insurance products. By analyzing customers’ financial data, insurers can better assess risk and tailor policies to individual needs. Additionally, Open Finance can simplify claims management by automating the verification of financial data during the claims process.
  6. Personalized Financial Advice: With access to a broader range of financial data, banks and financial advisors can offer more personalized financial advice, helping customers plan for their financial goals, manage debt, and optimize their investment strategies. This can lead to stronger relationships between financial institutions and their customers and more effective financial planning.

These examples showcase the transformative potential of Open Finance across various areas of the financial sector. By enabling secure data sharing and fostering innovation, Open Finance has the potential to revolutionize the way consumers manage and interact with their finances.

The European Commission (EC) and Open banking

The European Commission (EC) has recognized the potential of Open Finance to transform the financial sector and promote innovation, competition, and consumer empowerment. In response, the EC has been working on developing a regulatory framework for Open Finance to ensure that its implementation is secure, efficient, and compliant with data protection and privacy laws.


The EC’s approach to Open Finance builds on the success of Open Banking initiatives, such as the Revised Payment Services Directive (PSD2), which paved the way for secure data sharing between banks and third-party providers in the European Union. The EC aims to extend the principles of Open Banking to other financial sectors, including investments, pensions, and insurance.


In December 2020, the European Commission published its Digital Finance Strategy, which outlines its vision for digital transformation in the financial sector, with Open Finance as one of its key components. The strategy includes several important aspects:

  1. Developing a European financial data space: The EC envisions creating a single market for financial data sharing in the EU, enabling secure and efficient access to financial data across various financial service providers.
  2. Legislative proposal for an Open Finance framework: The EC plans to develop a comprehensive legislative proposal for an Open Finance framework, which would address issues related to data access, sharing, and protection, as well as the roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders in the Open Finance ecosystem.
  3. Consumer protection and financial education: The strategy highlights the importance of consumer protection and financial education in the context of Open Finance, ensuring that consumers understand their rights and the potential risks associated with sharing their financial data.
  4. Ensuring a level playing field: The EC aims to ensure that all financial service providers, including banks, fintech companies, and other third-party providers, can compete on equal terms within the Open Finance framework, fostering innovation and competition.
  5. Promoting innovation and technological neutrality: The strategy emphasizes the need for regulatory frameworks to be technologically neutral and support innovation, allowing for the development and adoption of new technologies and business models in the financial sector.


The European Commission’s Open Finance framework is still in the early stages of development, with a legislative proposal expected to be presented in 2022. Once implemented, the framework will lay the foundation for a more integrated, competitive, and consumer-centric financial ecosystem in the European Union, leveraging the power of secure data sharing and innovative financial services.

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